“With the large samples that are available, ordinary tests of significance have little meaning (e.g., in many instances, Pearson’s r correlations of 0.01 or less were statistically significant.) As such, we report not significance tests but rather mean effects and effect sizes.”—
the most extraordinary sentence i’ve ever read in a quantitative research paper?
Nosek BA, Banaji MR, Greenwald AG. Harvesting implicit group attitudes and beliefs from a demonstration website. Group Dynamics. 2002;6:101-115.
The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled Wednesday that a law used to charge a Green Line rider with taking upskirt photos of women in 2010 did not apply in the case because the women did not have any expectation of privacy in a public place and they were not in a state of undress.
The SJC ruled in the case of Commonwealth vs. Michael Robertson that the state law that Robertson was charged with violating in two criminal complaints in 2010 does not actually make what he did a crime. […] "At the core of the Commonwealth’s argument to the contrary is the proposition that a woman, and in particular a woman riding on a public trolley, has a reasonable expectation of privacy in not having a stranger secretly take photographs up her skirt. The proposition is eminently reasonable, but (the law) in its current form does not address it," read the decision.
“The most significant opposition to Adegbile’s nomination came in response to his participation in the NAACP Legal Defense Fund’s representation of Mumia Abu-Jamal, the man convicted of killing a Philadelphia police officer in 1981. Adegbile did not represent the defendant at trial. He did not declare his client to be innocent. Instead, he worked on a series of briefs supporting an appeal that made a legitimate legal argument. He did, in other words, precisely what he was expected to do on behalf of an organization dedicated to civil rights. For this he was deemed unfit to run the Civil Rights Division.”—2014: Senate Race Baiting Sinks a Nomination for Civil-Rights Chief - Andrew Cohen - The Atlantic
Other times, the arguments against Title II were framed in terms of the Thirteenth Amendment. The argument was not the one we might have expected from the Civil Rights Cases—that discrimination in public accommodations was not a badge and incident of slavery that Congress had Thirteenth Amendment power to target. Instead, it was the rather stunning argument that prohibiting businesses from discriminating on the basis of race conscripted the business owners into involuntary servitude. Strom Thurmond made this argument in his separate views attached to the Senate Report on the proposed Civil Rights Act. Senator Thurmond described the Thirteenth Amendment as “an insurmountable constitutional barrier” to Title II, because, by forcing businesses to serve customers their owners desired not to, the bill would impose “involuntary servitude” on them.
unfriendly reminder that Alfonso Cuarón directed a video that portrays autism as a terrifying threat and a burden to non-autistic people, basically a video that says autistic people are diseases, not actual people
“it’s not insignificant that the HIV/AIDS stories that get told come from the earliest parts of the crisis when white gay men were dying. now it’s mostly poor people of color — not just in africa but here in the united states. governments have largely abdicated their responsibility to provide for the welfare of those with the greatest need.
when states like texas refuse to expand medicaid, refuse federal reproductive health funds, and force reproductive health care providers to close, people get sick and die. children get sick and die. these deaths can be prevented. HIV infection can be a manageable condition but the seropositive need access to health care and supportive services. we aren’t providing those because HIV/AIDS is regarded as a deserved punishment for people’s behavior. (once again, we find that accountability and personal responsibility falls hardest on the already-marginalized.)
the adulation for dallas buyers’ club and mcconaghey and leto is exactly the sort of smug self-regard the very privileged indulge in whenever they can frame an injustice as having happened primarily to white people in the past. it rests on the idea that things are better now so we don’t have to pay attention to the actual people actually living with HIV/AIDS.
the stories of the buyers’ clubs and HIV/AIDS activists in the 80’s are important and need to be told. but we need to hear about the appalling behavior of the u.s. government and the activism by radical faeries and ACT UP. apparently white hollywood isn’t up to the task of doing that honestly.
(notably, dallas queers are deeply unimpressed with the movie after having been pretty excited about it.)”—Rabbit Lord of the Undead
protip for people in the area: do not try to drive your cars. it looks all benign but is fucking terrifying as nothing has been salted or graveled so my steering wheel was spinning around like a video game and the car in front of me skidded onto the sidewalk and hit a tree and it is legit super scary.
i think it because the flakes are bigger and clumpier and thus more visible, but today’s snow is driving my cat out of her mind. she keeps staring at the window with her eyes all wide like an army of tiny white cold soldiers is coming to invade our home. i’ve tried to explain that they can’t breach the window, but she seems spectacularly unconvinced.
Gaertner, S. L., & Dovidio, J. F. (1986). The aversive form of racism. Academic Press.
"The aversive racism perspective assumes that given the historically racist American culture and human cognitive mechanisms for processing categorical information, racist feelings and beliefs among white Americans are generally the rule rather than the exception. … Aversive racists sympathize with the victims of past injustice; support public policies that, in principle, promote racial equality and ameliorate the consequences of racism; identify more generally with a liberal political agenda; regard themselves as non-prejudiced and nondiscriminatory; but, almost unavoidably, possess negative feelings and beliefs about blacks.
Because aversive racists are very concerned about their egalitarian self-images, they are strongly motivated in interracial contexts to avoid acting in recognizably unfavorable or normatively inappropriate ways. Indeed, if the fear of acting inappropriately in interracial contexts is a salient concern of many whites, then racial discrimination would be most likely to occur when normative structure within the situation is weak, ambiguous, or conflicting. Under these conditions, the concepts of right and wrong are less applicable … blacks may be treated unfavorably or in a manner that disadvantages them, yet whites can be spared the recognition that they behaved inappropriately.”
Kunstman, J. W., & Plant, E. A. (2008). Racing to help: racial bias in high emergency helping situations. Journal of personality and social psychology,95(6), 1499.
"The behavior or aversive racists is decided by the relative strength of the competing motivations to appear egalitarian and to vent aversion and avoid interracial contact. … Some white people will actively create race-neutral justifications for discrimination through purposeful reinterpretations of situations, even when clear behavioral norms seem to exist."
[this body of literature is explicitly limited to white/black perceptions and relationships but i bet you can imagine this applying in other contexts, both with other racial groups and with other identity groups]
“The three-way interaction did not approach significance.”—um, obviously. first, theorizing three way interactions is incredibly difficult, and second, you had an N of 48. why did you even bother testing for it?
now it is a qual versus quant debate and the only example people are using for quant work is large-scale K-12 testing and they are comparing that to ethnographies in terms of effects on marginalized communities seriously - either rescue me from this hell or let me do research on it gahhhhh.
today’s class has wandered into the weeds of “what are psychometric critiques of large-scale testing for K-12 students” with a significant dose of “if you believe in social justice you have to believe they are not only worthless as measurement tools but also harmful from both a policy and likely an emotional perspective” and a side path into the deep deep woods of “how does measurement in the social sciences compare to measurement in the physical science, if at all, is this even a meaningful comparison or foundation” and i deeply fear we are headed towards overcontrolled versus undercontrolled value added models, please send help.
"when you report and interpret the constant in a regression, you should first check to see if it is meaningful. if there it is not meaningful to imagine all included variables with a value of zero, do not interpret it."
two of my least favorite attitudes that generally progressive people display when talking about mental illness
mental illness has negative and scary effects, so the only reasonable way to think of the condition is of a “problem” that needs to be “fixed” - an unproductive, unrealistic, and highly stigmatizing approach to discussing things
the “special snowflake” attitude of everyone has some degree of sadness and depression and anxiety sometimes, so why do we differentiate between mentally ill and not mentally ill, usually combined with a critique of the DSM.
oh and a bonus, implied, third:
we care about depression and anxiety because they seem like logical extensions of emotions that everyone has and are so kind of normal, and let’s never talk about those other super scary disorders which are clearly abnormal and would never affect anyone we know
Journals tend to publish only statistically significant evidence, creating a scientific record that markedly overstates the size of effects. We provide a new tool that arrives at unbiased effect size estimates while fully ignoring the unpublished record. It capitalizes on the fact that the distribution of significant p-values, p-curve, is a function of the true underlying effect. Researchers armed with only the sample sizes and p-values of the published findings can fully correct for publication bias. We demonstrate the use of p-curve by reassessing the evidence for the impact of “choice overload” from the Psychology literature, and the impact of minimum wage on unemployment from the Economics literature.
jonah goldberg is coming to campus to talk tomorrow and his talk is titled “Why Liberalism Isn’t What You Think It Is and Never Was: Today’s liberalism is highly ill-liberal, avoids genuine arguments by willful suppression of dissent, and substitutes the clichés of group-think in place of authentic principles.” and i kind of want to go to get a really good righteous indignation on. i spend a lot of time being mad at liberals and progressive and social justice people and it might feel good just to hate awful worthless jonah goldberg for an evening.
According to Abba: The Official Photo Book, published to mark 40 years since they won Eurovision with Waterloo, the band’s style was influenced in part by laws that allowed the cost of outfits to be deducted against tax – so long as the costumes were so outrageous they could not possibly be worn on the street. In 2007 Ulvaeus was wrongly accused of failing to pay 85m kronor (£7.9m) in Swedish taxes between 1999 and 2005, and went on to successfully appeal against the decision.